One of my favorite works of art is this powerful statue called "The Dying Gaul." It's in the Capitoline Museum in Rome and has a fascinating history that I didn't even know the first time I saw it. Listen to my podcast to hear the full story (and hear what their frightening "war trumpets" sounded like!). Here are some pictures to accompany the podcast.
The Celts were originally a nomadic people from Central Europe but began migrating west around 1,000 BC. They settled in the area around Austria, Switzerland, France and Germany before eventually moving into Italy, Spain and Greece. By the 3rd century BC they were driven out of Italy and were eventually crushed by the Roman Republic in 52 BC.
Another marble copy was found next to the one above, this one dubbed "The Ludovisi Gaul" or "the Galatian Suicide" since it depicts a warrior committing suicide after first killing his wife (most likely to avoid capture following defeat in battle). This is in the Ludovisi Villa in Rome.
The fearsome "war horns" or "war trumpets"
Listen to what it may have sounded like!
There were many Gallic, or Celtic, tribes, and they could have become a powerful empire if they ever united under a single leader, but they remained tribal for centuries.
Here's the book that started my fascination with the Celts.
In these bucolic wooded hills where I walk, bloody clashes took place between naked Celtic warriors and Roman soldiers. They say some 6,000 Romans lost their lives in an ambush here in the 3rd century BC. I'm so grateful to live in peaceful times!